American Gold Coin Dollars are available in a wide variety of coin types and coin denominations. The gold coin dollar was a first produced in the United States between the years of 1849 to 1889. Made of 90% pure gold, this was the smallest gold currency denomination ever minted by the U.S. government. When the United States system of coinage was first implemented, they had not planned on producing a gold dollar coin. However by 1840s, the government persuing the idea of expanding the use of gold currency. The gold dollar was authorized by Congress on March 3 1849, and soon began production of the Liberty Head gold coin which ran until 1854 and then the Indian Head gold coin which was in production from 1854 through 1889.
Todays popular gold dollar coins include American Gold Eagles which are available in $5, $10, $25, and $50 denominations and Gold Buffalo Dollars.